Nursing diagnosis Hyperthermia



Domain 11. Safety-protection
Class 6. Thermoregulation
Diagnostic Code: 00007
Nanda label: Hyperthermia
Diagnostic focus: Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia is an increase in core body temperature and it occurs when the body produces or absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. Nursing diagnosis hyperthermia can be a clinical or medical diagnosis, and given that there are various types, its causes and consequences can be quite different. It is often seen as a medical emergency and requires prompt detection and accurate management by medical professionals. This article focuses on nursing diagnosis hyperthermia and the nursing interventions that should be used in such cases.

Table of Contents

NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition

The NANDA International (NANDA-I) defines nursing diagnosis hyperthermia as “A state in which there is an abnormally high core body temperature that may compromise the individual’s well-being.” It is important for nurses to understand the concepts of core temperature and how this relates to the individual’s health and the prognosis.

Defining Characteristics

When nursing diagnosis hyperthermia is made, there are various defining characteristics that should be taken into consideration. These include subjective parameters such as headache, dizziness, nausea, increased heart rate, respiratory rate and perspiration. On the other hand, objective parameters such as skin temperature and respiration should also be examined. Once these have been assessed, the nurse should make a determination on the severity of the condition.

Related Factors

There are various factors that contribute to the development of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia. Firstly, environmental conditions such as the temperature and humidity can influence the diagnosis. Other factors include exercise and the use of certain drugs, especially those that produce heat. Additionally, medical conditions such as infections, dehydration and heat stroke can also lead to the diagnosis.

At Risk Population

Certain populations are particularly at risk from developing nursing diagnosis hyperthermia due to their intrinsic characteristics. These include young children, the elderly and those with chronic illnesses such as heart failure and diabetes. Patients who are obese, who are confined to bed for long periods of time, and those with a poor nutrition status are also at an increased risk.

Associated Conditions

Certain conditions or associated illnesses may result from a prolonged or severe episode of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia. These include confusion, seizures,heart palpitations, kidney failure and death in some cases. It is therefore essential that prompt diagnosis and treatment of these patients is undertaken to prevent further complications.

Suggestions of Use

Nurses can use various treatments to help manage and monitor nursing diagnosis hyperthermia. These include cooling methods, such as tepid baths, which help reduce the individual's core temperature; administering fluids, which helps prevent dehydration;and medications, which can ease symptoms and reduce the body temperature. Monitoring should be done both externally and internally, to check the patient's vital signs and temperature.

Suggested Alternative NANDA Nursing Diagnoses

Other NANDA nursing diagnoses that can be used to supplement nursing diagnosis hyperthermia include human responses, such as impaired comfort and fatigue, and physiological alterations, such as increased intracranial pressure. Monitoring the patient's response to these suggested interventions can also be beneficial in determining their progress and effectiveness.

Usage Tips

When using nursing diagnosis hyperthermia, it is important to assess the patient's needs and have an individualized approach. It is also essential to educate the patient and caregivers about the condition and its potential risks and complications. Additionally, regular follow-up assessments should be made to ensure that any changes in the patient's condition can be detected immediately and addressed.

NOC Outcomes

Patients with nursing diagnosis hyperthermia should be monitored using NOC Outcomes. These include:

  • Thermoregulation - Identifying and evaluating any aberrant sensory responses related to management of hyperthermia, such as shivering and headaches.
  • Sleep - Evaluating and monitoring patient’s sleep patterns, noting changes in sleep quality and restlessness.
  • Mobility - Assessing changes in patient’s ability to move freely and independently.
  • Nutritional Status - Monitoring changes to weight, appetite, hydration status and dietary intake.
  • Fluid Balance - Regularly assessing any fluid deficits or overload.

Evaluation Objectives and Criteria

When evaluating nursing diagnosis hyperthermia, nurses must consider:

  • Core temperature, checking for any changes over time and comparing to normal values.
  • Observation of the patient and monitoring the presence of any associated symptoms.
  • Progression of treatment. Assessment of the patient’s response to nursing interventions.

NIC Interventions

Nurses are responsible for carrying out a range of nursing interventions when managing nursing diagnosis hyperthermia. These include:

  • Physical Assessment - Checking the patient's temperature and vital signs, as well as performing a physical exam to assess cardiovascular and neurological status.
  • Fluid Replacement - Administering fluids, as appropriate, to restore adequate hydration levels and avoiding dehydration.
  • Drug Therapy - Administering drugs for pain relief, to reduce fever and combat infection.
  • Heat Management - Utilizing cooling measures such as sponging, ice packs and fans to reduce the patient's core temperature.
  • Monitoring Patient Status - Observing the patient for changes in their condition and evaluating the effectiveness of treatments.

Nursing Activities

It is important for nurses to carry out a range of nursing activities when managing patients with nursing diagnosis hyperthermia. These include educating the patient and caregivers about the condition, assessing the patient’s risk factors and initiating preventive measures, providing emotional support, and encouraging active participation in the treatment process. Additionally, nurses should ensure that regular follow-up visits are conducted so that any changes in the patient’s condition can be identified and treated promptly.


In conclusion, nursing diagnosis hyperthermia is a serious condition that requires prompt and accurate management by medical professionals. A range of nursing interventions should be used to monitor and manage the patient’s condition and prevent complications. It is also important to provide patient education and emotional support, to help them cope with the condition.


  • What is nursing diagnosis for hyperthermia? The NANDA International (NANDA-I) states that nursing diagnosis hyperthermia is “a state in which there is an abnormally high core body temperature that may compromise the individual’s well-being."
  • What are some defining characteristics of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia? The defining characteristics of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia include subjective symptoms such as headache, dizziness and nausea, as well as objective parameters such as skin temperature and respiration.
  • What are some associated conditions of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia? Prolonged or severe episodes of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia can result in the development of several conditions, such as confusion, seizures, heart palpitations, kidney failure and even death in some cases.
  • What are the most common treatments for nursing diagnosis hyperthermia? Common treatments for nursing diagnosis hyperthermia include cooling methods, administering fluids, medications and monitoring patient vital signs and temperature.
  • What nursing activities should be conducted when managing cases of nursing diagnosis hyperthermia? Some of the key nursing activities include educating the patient and caregivers about the condition, assessing the patient’s risk factors and initiating preventive measures, providing emotional support, and regularly monitoring for any changes in the patient’s condition.

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