Readiness for enhanced nutritiona

Readiness for enhanced nutritiona

Domain 2. Nutrition
Class 1. Ingestion
Diagnostic Code: 00163
Nanda label: Readiness for enhanced nutritiona
Diagnostic focus: Nutrition

Introduction to Nursing Diagnosis Readiness for Enhanced Nutrition

Nutrition is crucial for our bodies to function optimally. A deficiency in nutrition can lead to serious health complications, but with proper dietary guidelines, health can be improved and maintained. Nurses can play an important role in promoting a balanced diet by assessing and monitoring the nutritional status of their patients. An effective way to identify a person’s nutritional status is through a nursing diagnosis known as readiness for enhanced nutrition.

NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition

Readiness for enhanced nutrition is a nursing diagnosis that states, “the individual is ready to utilize strategies to increase intake of food and/or nutrients essential for health and well-being,” according to the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA). This diagnosis is appropriate when a patient expresses the need or desire to improve his or her nutritional status.

Defining Characteristics (Subjective & Objective)

Subjective characteristics of readiness for enhanced nutrition can include expressions of interest in improving nutritional status, such as stating a desire to lose weight, eat healthier, or understand nutritional principles. Objective characteristics can include increased knowledge about healthy foods or a willingness to participate in nutritional counseling. The patient might also show an actual change in eating habits or behaviors.

Suggestions for Use

The readiness for enhanced nutrition diagnosis can be used any time a patient expresses the desire to eat healthier. It can also be used in nutrition-focused assessments, such as when a patient is admitted to the hospital or visiting the doctor’s office.

Suggested Alternative NANDA Nursing Diagnosis

If a patient is unwilling or unable to improve his or her nutritional status, then the following alternative NANDA nursing diagnoses might be more appropriate:

  • Ineffective Perceived Self Health Management – The individual does not demonstrate adequate understanding or motivation of behaviors necessary for health management.
  • Impaired Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements – The individual is unable to attain or maintain adequate nutritional status due to an impaired or insufficient intake of nutrients.
  • Knowledge Deficit – The individual does not have the knowledge or understanding required for making appropriate decisions about health management.

Usage Tips

When assessing for readiness for enhanced nutrition, it’s important to involve the patient in the process. Ask questions that will elicit honest responses and encourage open dialogue. Allow the patient to lead the discussion by providing him or her with an enabling environment.

NOC Outcomes

Below is a list of possible NOC Outcomes related to readiness for enhanced nutrition:

  • Nutrition – The individual’s ability to obtain and use nutrients and supplements that result in optimal nutritional status.
  • Health Behaviors – The individual’s utilization of health-promoting and health risk-reducing behaviors.
  • Risk-Taking – The individual’s ability to make informed decisions about risks associated with health outcomes.
  • Diabetes Knowledge – The individual’s understanding of diabetes self-management strategies.
  • Medication Management – The individual’s ability to appropriately store and take prescribed medications.

Evaluation Objectives and Criteria

When evaluating a patient for readiness for enhanced nutrition, nurses should consider the following:

  • Is the patient medically stable and able to comprehend and follow dietary guidelines?
  • Has the patient expressed a desire and willingness to improve his or her nutritional intake?
  • Does the patient display an understanding of proper nutrition and its benefits?
  • Does the patient have access to the resources needed to achieve nutritional goals?

NIC Interventions

The following interventions may be helpful in helping a patient reach their nutritional goals:

  • Nutritional Counseling – Providing nutritional counseling and assessments to help the patient make informed choices.
  • Nutrition Education – Teaching and discussing basic nutrition principles, such as food composition, meal planning, portion control, etc.
  • Nutrition Monitoring – Observing and documenting the patient’s food intake, nutritional status, and oral hygiene.
  • Evaluation of Nutritional Status – Conducting regular assessments of the patient’s nutritional status to determine overall health and wellbeing.
  • Motivational Support – Encouraging the patient to believe in their own abilities and setting realistic goals to achieve optimal nutritional status.

Nursing Activities

Nurses should ensure their patients have the needed resources to achieve their nutritional goals. Examples of activities that can be done to help an individual in reaching his or her nutritional goals include:

  • Providing educational materials that detail healthy food choices, portion sizes, meal planning tips, and other nutritional guidelines.
  • Referring the patient to a dietitian or nutritionist to help create a personalized meal plan.
  • Offering support groups that provide encouragement, guidance, and accountability.
  • Monitoring the patient’s progress regularly.

Conclusion

Readiness for enhanced nutrition is a nursing diagnosis that addresses the need or desire of a patient to improve his or her nutritional status. By evaluating a patient’s health status, incorporatingimplementing evidence-based nursing interventions, and offering motivational support, nurses can help their patients achieve and maintain optimal nutrition.

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